Global Climate Change, along with Cybersecurity and Terrorism, named at the 2019 World Economic Forum, Global Risk Assessment a major challenge in the modern world. Global climate change represents a growth in average global temperatures. Studies show that the Earth's climate has changed, and most likely, this is due to an increase in the concentration of heat gases in the lower layers of the atmosphere, which is largely due to the intensive consumption of fossil fuels. Georgia, as a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, is obliged to abide by the principles set out in the above international agreements and to fulfill its obligations under the (NDC) agreement.
The in-depth change of the components of the Earth's climatic system is caused by the uninterrupted emissions of heat gases. Analysis of the effects of global climate change shows that rising average temperatures and changes in forecasts in western Georgia since the end of the last century have had some impact on the forest ecosystem. The intensity of forest fires and the spread of pests have increased in eastern Georgia, against the background of heat waves and especially hot days. One of the most negative impacts of climate change is the increase in drought, the depletion of water resources and land degradation. The effects of climate change in Georgia are particularly acute in the agricultural, health, energy and economic sectors.